An analysis of strategic bombings during world war ii
These sources give an insight into the everyday wartime experience. This article was most recently revised and updated by Kathleen Sheetz.
As a result of the attack, 47 people were killed and were wounded. The experience of war by the civil population, the question of perception and interpretation, the patterns of reference and given options to act are important correctives to history from above. The analysis of ego-documents such as letters, diaries and private reports should therefore fill the gaps in secret service-reports. The project aims to fill this gap in World War historiography. There was no exception; even Pursuit Brigade , an organic part of the defences of the Polish capital, Warsaw , was transferred to Lublin , one week into the war. That changed, however, once the German Luftwaffe began conducting air raids on British cities, including London, during the summer of The directives issued to the Luftwaffe for the Polish Campaign were to prevent the Polish Air Force from influencing the ground battles or attacking German territory. The situation of crisis on the home front seemed to have put the Nazi regime to the test. Furthermore a large number of people had been indirectly affected by Allied air-assaults. In addition, images of civilian bombing casualties broadcast in the United States may have also depleted support for the war effort.
Chris Jochnick and Roger Normand in their article The Legitimation of Violence 1: A Critical History of the Laws of War explains that: "By leaving out morale bombing and other attacks on civilians unchallenged, the Tribunal conferred legal legitimacy on such practices.
Consequently, the bombs were usually scattered over a large area, causing an uproar in Germany. The most-significant episode of strategic bombing during World War II was the dropping of the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in The strike killed between —1, civilians, wounded over 1, and made 78, homeless.
German industry unexpectedly counterbalanced the destruction of a number of their plants by a further increase in productivity. During a single attack carried out at night from February 1st to 14thmore than 20, civilians were killed in Dresden. Two things above all ensured that all the early attempts at strategic bombing whether by the Germans, the British or the hopelessly ill-equipped Italians were far less effective than anyone had expected.
After a second ultimatum had been issued by the Germans, it appeared their effort had failed and on 14 MayLuftwaffe bombers were ordered to bomb Rotterdam in an effort to force the capitulation of the besieged city. The first was the near impossibility, given the technology then available, of landing a meaningful concentration of bombs near any target other than a large city; in only one in ten Royal Air Force RAF bombers got within five miles of their targets in the Ruhr valley.
Strategic bombing definition
As a result of the attack, 47 people were killed and were wounded. Little activity followed. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. After a second ultimatum had been issued by the Germans, it appeared their effort had failed and on 14 May , Luftwaffe bombers were ordered to bomb Rotterdam in an effort to force the capitulation of the besieged city. Buy from Amazon. This is confirmed by the assessments of the SD and the observers of the Wehrmacht employed at the home-front during the last year of the war. Nevertheless, strategic bombing continued to play an important role in U. More recently, bombing has come full circle. At least that was what the Allies were hoping for. All the same, German workers suffered under the bombing, but were attracted by special food and luxury rations. The bombing campaign in Europe had become a Western Front of the air: a costly, grinding war of attrition with no clear-cut end and a yawning gap between ambition and outcome. The close-up perspective of non-combatants directly or indirectly involved in war events can be examined. The most-significant episode of strategic bombing during World War II was the dropping of the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in
Strategic bombers offered a greater flexibility in the event of heightened tensions and a potential conflict, because a bomber could be retrieved, whereas a missile could not.
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