The three main points in glaucons challenge to socrates

Glaucon the republic

The only truly fulfilling pleasure is that which comes from understanding since the objects it pursues are permanent b-c. Adeimantus objects that actual philosophers are either useless or bad people a-d. Socrates points out that the aim is to make the whole city, and not any particular class, as happy as possible b. Another relevant consideration is that there are several indications in the dialogue that the aim in the discussion is more pressing than the means the just city. To do so he will need to examine the various unjust political regimes and the corresponding unjust individuals in each c-e. Reeve, C. Poetry should: i present the gods as good and only as causes of good a ; ii as unchanging in form d ; iii as beings who refrain from lies and deception e. Moreover, in the dialogue Socrates seems primarily concerned with what is an ethical issue, namely whether the just life is better than the unjust life for the individual. The first is whether the Republic is primarily about ethics or about politics. By using instances of psychological conflict, he distinguishes the function of the rational part from that of the appetitive part of the soul a. Plato: Political Philosophy; Reeve C. Lear, Jonathan. Socrates distinguishes between those who know the single Forms that are and those who have opinions d. Let us know! Thus, one of the most pressing issues regarding the Republic is whether Socrates defends justice successfully or not.

Then they discuss who will receive this course of education and how long they are to study these subjects ab. Indianapolis: Hackett, The first deviant regime from just kingship or aristocracy will be timocracy, that emphasizes the pursuit of honor rather than wisdom and justice d ff.

glaucons challenge explained

Both sexes are naturally suited for these tasks d-e. Then he explains that the theoretical model of the just city they constructed remains valid for discussing justice and injustice even if they cannot prove that such a city can come to exist bb. He proceeds to tell the Myth of Er that is supposed to illustrate reward and punishment in the afterlife b.

The Open Society and Its Enemies. Glaucon formulated the official challenge that the work as a whole seeks to address at the beginning of Book II. The second issue is that even if thinking of it as a classic in political philosophy is warranted, it is very difficult to situate it in terms of its political position.

Glaucons definition of justice

The unjust person would still reap all the benefits of injustice. But, Socrates also spends a lot of time in the dialogue on political matters in relation to the question of political justice such as education, the positions and relations among political classes, war, property, the causes of political strife and change of regimes, and several other matters. Socrates indicates that the tyrant faces the dilemma to either live with worthless people or with good people who may eventually depose him and chooses to live with worthless people d. The timocratic individual will have a strong spirited part in his soul and will pursue honor, power, and success a. Socrates argues that humans enter political life since each is not self-sufficient by nature. Lear, Jonathan. Socrates is now ready to answer the question of whether justice is more profitable than injustice that goes unpunished ea. Bloom, Allan. Socrates discusses several other measures for the city as a whole in order to accomplish this. Rosen, Stanley. Socrates describes the system of eugenics in more detail.
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SparkNotes: The Republic: Book II